McKinney-Vento Homeless Act
The education provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Act (incorporated within No Child Left Behind) ensure educational rights and protections for homeless and unaccompanied children/youth.
Section725(2) of the McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children/youth as individuals lacking a fixed, regular, adequate night-time residence, including. . .
- children/youth who share housing with others because of loss of housing, economic hardships or a similar reason; live in motels, trailer parks or campgrounds because of lack of alternative adequate accommodations; live in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or await foster care placement
- children/youth who have primary night-time residence in a place not designed for or ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodation (e.g., cars, parks, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations or similar settings)
- migratory children who live in conditions described above or
- unaccompanied youth
The McKinney-Vento Act (Section 725) specifies and protects the rights of children and youth in homeless situations. Highlights include. . .
- Immediate Enrollment: The right to be enrolled immediately in school without immunization, academic records or birth certificate, regardless of district policy. Any child who resides in Pearland ISD is guaranteed access to a free public education. No child will be denied access to school because of their immigration status, temporary living situation, emergency placement in foster care or similar hardship situation. Please fill out the Student Residency and Assistance Questionnaire (SRAQ) here and present to campus Registrar or ask campus Registrar for a SRAQ.
- Choice of Schools: A homeless student has two choices in schools to attend:
- School the student attended when he/she became homeless
- School in the zone where the student currently resides
- Transportation: Students in highly mobile or homeless situations are entitled to transportation to and from the school of origin if feasible, in the student's best interest and requested by the parent, guardian or unaccompanied youth.
- Services: Homeless students are entitled to the same programs/services available to other district students, such as gifted and talented education, special education, vocational education, English Language Learner services and tutoring. Students are automatically eligible for Title I services, and districts must set aside funds to these provide services. In addition, students may receive emergency clothing, uniforms, school supplies, personal hygiene items or other supplies and services needed.
- Dispute Resolution: If problems arise between the school and parents or between districts, the parent shall be referred to the district's homeless liaison Susan Holloway (832-736-6903). Meanwhile, the student must remain in school and receive transportation.